It is important for new trees to get a good start. Providing the proper care will allow your new trees to get established in your landscape.
o Deep infrequent soakings. New trees will need to be watered regularly until they become established. Generally it takes 1 year per caliper inch for a new tree to establish (i.e. 2 inch tree planted will take 2 years to establish).
o Watering should occur in the morning or the evening hours when possible to avoid midday evaporation.
o Soaker hose or slow steam should be applied near the stem of the tree. The amount may vary depending on your soil.
o Drench the soil until you begin to see pooling and runoff, at that time your soil is saturated and cant absorb any more water.
o There is no need to water if it has rained significantly that day.
o Remember roots also need period of dry to respire, the soil should not always be saturated or the tree will drown.
Suggested watering schedule
Daily for the first two weeks
Depending on temperature and wind, apply 1-2 gallons per inch of trunk diameter.
Every other day for two months
Depending on temperature and wind, apply 2-4 gallons per inch of trunk diameter.
Weekly until established (One year per inch of trunk diameter)
Depending on rainfall, water as needed until soil is saturated.
o Natural wood/bark mulch is highly recommended for new tree plantings
o Reduces competition from grass, keeps mowers and whackers away, and mitigates soil moisture.
o Make the mulch ring as big as possible, 2-4 feet is common
o Apply mulch 1-3 inches think.
o Keep mulch away from stem of tree to avoid structural and disease issues.
o New trees need minimal to no fertilizer until established
o If desired for poor sites a light slow release fertilizer can be used.
o After establishment trees can benefit from the professionally applied fertilizers like our Bio Pack, to increase health and vigor.
o During establishment limit pruning to dead and broken branches
o Soon after establishment professional structural pruning should be done to ensure a good future structure.
o A pruning cycle of every 2-5 years should be established to ensure the proper care for your tree. We can monitor your tree on a schedule to keep it safe, healthy, and looking good.
· Animal Protection
o New trees are more vulnerable to animal damage such as rabbits, voles, and deer.
o Consider a trunk wrap protector to protect against deer. Especially in the fall and winter.
o Small bushes may be suseptible to rabbit damage. Low fencing around new bushes may help.
o Trees grow in response to stress, and need movement to be strong.
o Only if absolutely needed a tree should be loosely staked to prevent tipping.
o Staking and guying ties should be removed as soon as possible.